Normal Values

Published on 13/02/2015 by admin

Filed under Cardiothoracic Surgery

Last modified 13/02/2015

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Appendix 1 Normal Values*

Normal Values*

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Biochemistry Normal Range
Alanine aminotransferase (ALT) 8 to 40 U/l
Alkaline phosphatase (ALP) 40 to 130 U/l
Albumin 35 to 50 g/l
Ammonia 4 to 50 μmol/l 7 to 85 μg/dl
Amylase (total) 25 to 135 U/l
Amylase (pancreatic) 8 to 53 U/l
Aspartate aminotransferase (AST) <45 IU/l
Bicarbonate 22 to 32 mmol/l
Bilirubin (total) 2 to 20 μmol/l 0.1 to 2.2 mg/dl
Bilirubin (direct) <10 μmol/l <0.6 mg/dl
B-type natriuretic peptide <29 pmol/l Normal <100 pg/ml (heart failure very improbable, see page 281)
Calcium (total) 2.10 to 2.55 mmol/l
4.2 to 5.1 mEq/l
8.4 to 10.2 mg/dl
Calcium (ionized) 1.15 to 1.3 mmol/l
2.3 to 2.6 mEq/l
4.6 to 5.2 mg/dl
Chloride 95 to 110 mmol/l or mEq/l
Cholesterol (total) <5 mmol/l
<2.5 mmol/l on therapy
<193 mg/dl
<100 mg/dl on therapy
Cholesterol-HDL >1.0 mmol/l >39 mg/dl
Cholesterol-LDL <3.4 mmol/l
<1.6 mmol/l on therapy
<131 mg/dl
<65 mg/dl on therapy
Cortisol (0900 sample) 200 to 700 nmol/l 7.2 to 25.4 μg/dl
Creatinine 50 to 120 μmol/l 0.6 to 1.4 mg/dl
Creatinine clearance 90 to 140 ml/min
Creatinine kinase Male: 60 to 120 U/l
Female: 30 to 180 U/l
Creatinine kinase MB (CKMB) <4 μg/l
CKMB relative index (CKMB/CK) <1
C-reactive protein 0 to 5 mg/l
Erythropoietin 5 to 30 mIU/ml
Erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR) Female: 1 to 20 mm/hr
Male: 1 to 10 mm/hr
Ferritin Males 20 to 30o ng/ml
Females 20 to 120 ng/ml
Glucose (fasting) 3.5 to 5.6 mmol/l 70 to 110 mg/dl
Gamma-Glutamyl transferase (GGT) Male <60 U/l
Female <50 U/l
Hemoglobin A1c <7% (indicates good diabetic control)
Hemoglobin (plasma) 0.16 to 0.62 μmol/l 1 to 4 mg/dl
Hemosiderin (urine) Nil
Haptoglobins 3 to 20 μmol/l 0.3 to 2 g/l
Iron (plasma) 10 to 30 μmol/l 56 to 168 μg/dl
Iron binding capacity—total Male: 45 to μmol/l
Female: 35 to 75 μmol/l
Male: 250 to 335 μg/dl
Female: 195 to 420 μg/dl
Iron saturation 20% to 40%
Ketones (serum β-hydroxybutyrate) <0.3 mmol/l
Lactate Fasting venous: 0.5 to 2.2 mmol/l
Fasting arterial: 0.5 to 1.6 mmol/l
Fasting venous: 4.5 to 20 mg/dl
Fasting arterial: 4.5 to 14.4 mg/dl
Lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) 120 to 150 IU/l
Magnesium (plasma) 0.75 to 1.0 mmol/l 1.5 to 2.2 mEq/l
1.8 to 2.4 mg/dl
Methemoglobin 0.2 to 1.5%
Myoglobin (plasma) Male: 25 to 70 μg/l
Female: 25 to 60 μg/l
Myoglobin (urine) < 4 mg/l
Osmolality (serum) 280 to 300 mmol/kg water
Osmolality (urine) 50 to 1200 mmol/kg water
Osmolarity (serum) 280 to 300 mmol/l
Phosphorus or phosphate (plasma) 0.7 to 1.5 mmol/l 2.17 to 4.64 mg/100 ml
Potassium (plasma) 3.5 to 5 mmol/l
Protein (total plasma)