Polycystic ovary syndrome

Published on 10/03/2015 by admin

Filed under Obstetrics & Gynecology

Last modified 10/03/2015

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Chapter 28 POLYCYSTIC OVARY SYNDROME

Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is the most common endocrine disorder in women of reproductive age. Women with PCOS often have irregular menses, obesity, infertility, and hirsutism.

Diagnostic criteria from the 2003 meeting of the European Society of Human Reproduction and Embryology/American Society for Reproductive Medicine (ESHRE/ASRM) stressed that PCOS could be diagnosed only if other causes of hyperandrogenism were ruled out; such causes include androgen-secreting tumors, Cushing syndrome, and congenital adrenal hyperplasia. In addition, two of three criteria must be present to make the diagnosis: oligo-ovulation or anovulation, signs of hyperandrogenism, and ultrasound evidence of polycystic ovaries. These newer criteria include atypical manifestations of PCOS.

PCOS is a worrisome disease because of the potential complications. Women with PCOS are at higher risk for infertility, first-trimester miscarriages, endometrial hyperplasia (with chronic anovulation), type 2 diabetes mellitus, dyslipidemia, and cardiovascular disease. These complications can be treated and prevented; therefore, it is important to diagnose PCOS.