Parainfluenza Viruses

Published on 27/03/2015 by admin

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Last modified 27/03/2015

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Chapter 251 Parainfluenza Viruses

Parainfluenza viruses (PIVs) are common causes of respiratory illness in infants and children and are second only to respiratory syncytial virus as an important viral cause of lower respiratory tract infections in young children and immunocompromised patients. These viruses cause a spectrum of upper and lower respiratory tract illnesses but are particularly associated with croup (laryngotracheitis or laryngotracheobronchitis), bronchiolitis, and pneumonia.