Medical emergencies

Published on 01/04/2015 by admin

Filed under Radiology

Last modified 01/04/2015

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Chapter 19 Medical emergencies

Medical emergencies occurring in the radiology department may be due to:

Patients may develop cardiac arrhythmias, hypotension, inadequate ventilation or adverse drug/radiographic contrast reactions. Complications arise from sedative drug administration, invasive procedures and human error; poor monitoring and organizational failings may contribute.

If a complication occurs, rapid recognition of the problem and effective management are essential. A call must be made to summon the hospital medical emergency or cardiac arrest team for any medical emergency event that is not immediately reversed or if ongoing care will be required.

The basic principles are summarized in the ABC of resuscitating the acutely ill patient:

These early interventions should proceed in parallel with diagnosis and definitive treatment of the underlying cause. If cardiac arrest is suspected, the adult advanced life support algorithm in Figure 19.1 should be followed.

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Figure 19.1 Adult Advanced Life Support Algorithm.

Reproduced by kind permission of the Resuscitation Council (UK).