Infection and surgery

Published on 10/04/2015 by admin

Filed under Surgery

Last modified 10/04/2015

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CHAPTER 6 Infection and surgery

The surgical patient is exposed to potentially harmful microorganisms prior to admission, during admission and after discharge. The outside surfaces of the body, including the aerodigestive tract, are normally colonized with bacteria – a defence mechanism that is disrupted by stress and antibiotic therapy. With the prevalence of hospital acquired infections, such as clostridium difficile and methicillin-resistant staphylococcus aureus (MRSA), and the potential for blood-borne virus transmission, the practicing surgeon needs to be aware of safe antimicrobial techniques and treatments, to protect both the patient and healthcare staff. Effective communication needs therefore to be present between surgeon and microbiologist.

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