Genital Mycoplasmas (Mycoplasma hominis, Mycoplasma genitalium, and Ureaplasma urealyticum)

Published on 22/03/2015 by admin

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Last modified 22/03/2015

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Chapter 216 Genital Mycoplasmas (Mycoplasma hominis, Mycoplasma genitalium, and Ureaplasma urealyticum)

Three Mycoplasma species, Mycoplasma hominis, Mycoplasma genitalium, and Ureaplasma urealyticum, are human urogenital pathogens. They are often associated with sexually transmitted infections such as nongonococcal urethritis (NGU) or puerperal infections such as endometritis. M. hominis and U. urealyticum commonly colonize the female genital tract and can cause chorioamnionitis, colonization of neonates, and perinatal infections. Two other genital Mycoplasma species, M. fermentans and M. penetrans, are identified in respiratory or genitourinary secretions more in HIV-infected patients.

Clinical Manifestations

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