CARDIAC MONITORING

Published on 12/06/2015 by admin

Filed under Pulmolory and Respiratory

Last modified 12/06/2015

Print this page

rate 1 star rate 2 star rate 3 star rate 4 star rate 5 star
Your rating: none, Average: 0 (0 votes)

This article have been viewed 850 times

CHAPTER 9 CARDIAC MONITORING

PRETEST QUESTIONS

Answer the pretest questions before studying the chapter. This will help you determine your strong and weak areas in the material covered.

See answers and rationales at the back of the text.

REVIEW

I. ELECTROCARDIOGRAPHY

CRT Exam Content Matrix: IA8a, IB9a, IB10a, IIA17-18

RRT Exam Content Matrix: IA8a, IB9a, IB10a

image

FIGURE 9-2 Normal electrocardiographic (ECG) pattern.

From Davis D: Differential diagnosis of arrhythmias, ed 2, Philadelphia, 1997, Saunders.

image

FIGURE 9-3 One cardiac cycle.

From Davis D: Differential diagnosis of arrhythmias, ed 2, Philadelphia, 1997, Saunders.

image

FIGURE 9-4 Electrocardiographic (ECG) tracing showing the widened QRS complex.

From Levitsky MG, Cairo JN, Hall SM: Introduction to respiratory care, Philadelphia, 1990, Saunders.

image

FIGURE 9-5 Electrocardiographic (ECG) tracing showing a prolonged PR interval.

From Davis D: Differential diagnosis of arrhythmias, ed 2, Philadelphia, 1997, Saunders.

image

FIGURE 9-6 Electrocardiographic (ECG) tracing showing ST segment depression.

From Davis D: Differential diagnosis of arrhythmias, ed 2, Philadelphia, 1997, Saunders.

image

FIGURE 9-7 Normal heart rhythm.

From Davis D: Differential diagnosis of arrhythmias, ed 2, Philadelphia, 1997, Saunders.

image

FIGURE 9-8 Primary and secondary arteries in the heart.

From O’Toole M, editor: Miller-Keane encyclopedia and dictionary of medicine, nursing, and allied health, revised revision, Philadelphia, 2005, Saunders.

image

FIGURE 9-9 Sinus bradycardia.

From Davis D: Differential diagnosis of arrhythmias, ed 2, Philadelphia, 1997, Saunders.

image

FIGURE 9-10 Sinus tachycardia.

From Davis D: Differential diagnosis of arrhythmias, ed 2, Philadelphia, 1997, Saunders.

image

FIGURE 9-11 Sinus arrhythmia.

From Davis D: Differential diagnosis of arrhythmias, ed 2, Philadelphia, 1997, Saunders.

c. Wave pattern abnormalities: R to R cycles vary more than 0.16 s. In Figure 9-11, note how the distance between the R wave of the QRS complex varies and is inconsistent.
image

FIGURE 9-12 Premature atrial contraction (PAC).

From Davis D: Differential diagnosis of arrhythmias, ed 2, Philadelphia, 1997, Saunders.

image

FIGURE 9-13 Premature ventricular contraction (PVC).

From Davis D: Differential diagnosis of arrhythmias, ed 2, Philadelphia, 1997, Saunders.

image

FIGURE 9-14 Atrial fibrillation.

From Davis D: Differential diagnosis of arrhythmias, ed 2, Philadelphia, 1997, Saunders.

image

FIGURE 9-15 Atrial flutter.

From Davis D: Differential diagnosis of arrhythmias, ed 2, Philadelphia, 1997, Saunders.

Buy Membership for Pulmolory and Respiratory Category to continue reading. Learn more here